Hip hop began to gain most presence during the 1980’s. It is defined by four key stylistic elements: rapping, DJing and scratching, sampling or synthesis, and beatboxing.
Creation of the term hip hop is often credited to Keith Cowboy, a rapper with Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. It is believed that he created it while teasing a friend who had just joined the Army, by scat singing the words hip,hop,hip,hop in a way that mimicked the rhythmic of marching soldiers. Then later he worked the hip hop into a part of his stage performance, which was quickly used by other artists such as The Sugarhill Gang.
Hip hop music was both influenced by disco and a backlash against it. The 1980s marked the diversification of hip hop as the genre developed more complex styles. A notable part of the diversification process can be seen through such tracks as Grandmaster Flash’s “The Adventures of Grandmaster Flash on the Wheels of Steel” (1981), a single consisting entirely of sampled tracks