The start of the 1990’s saw the end to the Thatcherite era which dominated the 1980’s. Thatcher resigned in 1990 after her leadership being challenged by Michael Heseltine and because of widespread opposition to her introduced community charge.
John Major (a key figure in the Thatcher administration) hoped to breathe new life into the Conservative Party after securing the 1992 general election. Major did not succeed in maintaining the Tories longevity and failed to secure the 1997 general election being defeated by Tony Blair. This saw the end of the 18 year Conservative rule. The party had been given a new breath of life under Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and Peter Mandelson: ‘New Labour’ shaped the next decade of British politics.